Investment fraud victimizes people of all backgrounds and education levels.
Scam artists don't discriminate. The best thing an investor can do
to protect him or herself from investor fraud is to be aware of common
fraud tactics and to watch out for the recognized "red flags"
of stockbroker abuse and misconduct. The FInancial Industry Regulatory
Authority (FINRA) highlights the seven biggest "red flags" of
investment fraud in an Investor Alert on their website.
Guarantees on returns. All investments carry some amount of risk. A "guarantee"
is a sign the advisor or sales agent may be misrepresenting the investment.
An unregistered security or sales agent. Many investment scams are run
by unregistered agents selling "private offerings" in an unregistered company.
Returns that don't fluctuate with the market or seem overly consistent.
If an investment product gains a steady return month after month, particularly
in a time when the market is experiencing significant fluctuations, this
could be a sign the product is a scam.
An overly complex investment product. A registered securities agent or
stockbroker should be able to clearly explain the investment strategy
of any product being offered. An investor should always understand the
risks, benefits, and expected results before purchasing it.
Missing documentation. Make sure expected documentation is provided. If
sales agent doesn't provide a prospectus or an offering circular,
the product may not be registered.
Inaccurate documentation and statements. Double-check all account documentation
and account statements for errors. Missing funds, unauthorized activity,
and trade confirmation inaccurately marked "UNSOLICITED" are
all things to monitor.
Pushy sales tactics. A legitimate professional shouldn't pressure an investor.